|The Atman (Atma)||Who are we? What is my real self?||Transience|
|Reincarnation and Sansar||The life death continuous cycle?||Abortion,animal rights|
|The law of Karma||Why is suffering?||Paap-Punya|
|Prakriti (nature) and Guna||The working of the World?||Environment,sustainability,Sattva,Rajas,Tamas|
|Maya (illusion)||Why the kaleidoscopic world mesmerizes us?||Consumerism,Shopping,Sex,Drugs|
|Moksha (Mukti)||Ultimate goal of life?||Happiness,Salvation,Freedom|
|God (Ishvara/Brahman)||Who is God? How is he/she?||Conscience|
|Dharma (Religious duties||What is righteous conduct?||Faiths,Truths,Opinions|
|Diversity||One goal many paths?||4 Yogas-Gyan yoga,karma yoga ,bhakti yoga,Hatha yoga|
|Scriptures and Gurus||Who will teach and who will learn?||Guru=God|
|Kaal (Time)||When did it all start? When will it all end?||Big band,Big crunch,Darwin theory of evolution|
|Rachna (Creation)||How and when it was made?||Extra terrestrial life|
Brahman is the undivided cosmic consciousness, from which all Atman evolve.Atman is the non material self from, which never changes.
ॐ पूर्णमदः पूर्णमिदम् पूर्णात् पूर्णमुदच्यते । पूर्णस्य पूर्णमादाय पूर्णमेवावशिष्यते ॥
नैनं छिन्दन्ति शस्त्राणि नैनं दहति पावकः । न चैनं क्लेदयन्त्यापो न शोषयति मारुतः ।।
Upon death of physical body, the soul discards and enters the new body, depending upon
Sansar is the process of passing from one body to another,throughout all species of life. Consciousness is present in all form of life but its active use can be only done in human form.
Six broad ascending classes are:
Sansar is the painful reoccurring cycle of:
Free choice exits only in human form, because all other are guided by instincts. So
human life = Life of responsibility
The Karma is action and thought. Each Karma has a reaction (every action has a reaction(Newton)). All positive actions generate good Karma. And Negative generates bad Karma . Everything is recorded in your Karmic balance.
Karma Nikarma Akarma ↓ ↓ ↓ Elevate Degrade Neutral
Movement of Atman is decided by the Karmic balance. Karma is generated only in the human life. Lower life forms are burning the bad Karma and higher life forms(Devas) are using the good Karma before becoming the humans again.
Punya(good Karma) and paap(bad Karma).
S सत्त्व(Shiva) → goodness → pure,elevating → (real knowledge) R रजस्(Vishnu) → passion → Create,acquire,enjoy→ (greed) S तमस्(Bhrama) → ignorance → dirty,diluting → (madness)
It is the soul's choice to select Sattva to reach heavenly planets at deaths,Rajas to stay back in human society. and Tamas to enter the lower species.
Moksha is for the souls going above the level of Sattva.
Sustainability(Sattva),sex impulse(Rajas),Drug abuse(Tamas)
Maya means that which is not
3 Goals of Hinduism BrahmanGlossary ↑M → Moksha ↑G → Guru ↑S → Scriptures Atman
Complete unity of the identity.
Unity of purpose.
Eternity Knowledge Bliss ↓ ↓ ↓ Sat - Chit - Ananda ↓ ↓ ↓ ↱Nirguna(with form) Brahman Antaryami Bhagvan ↓ ↓ ↓ ↳saguna(without form) All Lord in the Residing pervading heart outside ↓ ↓ ↓ Sunlight The pot Sun image ↑ ↑ ↑ ︱ ︱ ︱ ︱ ︱ ︱ \ ︱ / \ ︱ / \ ︱ / \⸏⸏⸏⸏︱⸏⸏⸏⸏ / ︱ ︱ ︱ ︱
Thus God has three main aspects.
Brahman → Antaryami → Bhagvan → This branch evolves into the Hindu system of deities.
Bhagvan is the human perception of the various manifestation of the divine.
We can perceive them in human form - Saguna
We can perceive them formlessly - Nirguna
Every aspect of Purush or Prakriti is associated with some God or Goddess.
श्री केशवाय नमः , नारायणाय नमः , माधवाय नमः , गोविन्दाय नमः , विष्णवे नमः , मधुसूदनाय नमः , त्रिविक्रमाय नमः , वामनाय नमः , श्रीधराय नमः , हृषीकेशाय नमः , पधनभय नमः , दामोदराय नमः , संकर्षणाय नमः , वासुदेवाय नमः , प्रद्युम्नाय नमः , अनिरुद्धाय नमः ,पुरुषोत्तमाय नमः , अधोक्जय नमः , नरसिंहाय नमः , अच्युताय नमः , जनार्दनाय नमः , उपेन्द्राय नमः , हरये नमः , श्री कृष्णाय नमः
Hanuman was the avatar of Shiva. He is the Rudra avatar of Shiva. He became the ultimate servant of Shri Ram.
He makes you pay for the Karmas while you are alive.
He is the one for the final account after death.
Saraswati, Laxmi and Ganesha are worshiped for very specific reasons.
Bhakt Rishi Dadhichi gave away his bone to create the Indra's Vajra. To celebrate selfless scarifies, the Vajra is placed on the Param Vir Chakra.
Satya yuga = Treta yuga = Dvapara yuga = Kali yuga ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ 4 3 2 1 1728000 years 1296000 years 864000 years 432000 years
Religious Literature ↓ ←←←←←←←←←←←←←←←←←←←←←←←←←←←←←←←←←← →→→→→→→→→→→→→→→→→→→→→→→→→→→→→→→→→ ↓ ↓ One life literature Rebirth literature ↓ ↓ ←←←←←←←← →→→→→→→→ ←←←←←←←←←←←←←←←←←←←←←←←←← →→→→→→→→→→→→→→→→→→→→→→→ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ Muslim Christian Astika document Nastika documents (Quran) (Bible) ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ←←←←←←←←←←←←←←←← →→→→→→→→→→→→→→→→ ←←←←←←←←←←←←←←←← →→→→→→→→→→→→→→→→ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ Tantra/Agama Vedic Nigama Jainism Buddhism Sarguna Nirguna ↓ ←←←←←←←←←←←←←←←← →→→→→→→→→→→→→→→→ ↓ ↓ Brahma Puran Devi puran (The humans way) (The Prakritis way) ↓ ←←←←←←←←← →→→→→→→→ ↓ ↓ Vishnu Puran Shiva Puran (The house holder way) (Hermit way) ↓ ←←←←←←← →→→→→→→ ↓ ↓ Mahabharata Ramayna (Rule braking) (Rule Keeping)
Astika document uses theistic vocabulary, rituals, prayers, etc.
Nastika documents are for sramanas and strives. They austerity, meditation and experiences. E.g. Jainism and Buddhism.
Hindu literature is thus either Śruti or smṛti literature. Śruti means divine revelation.E.g. Vedhas and upanishads. Smrti translated over generations.E.g. Puranas, Ramayana, Mahabharata. Hindu dharma exited as the Vedic dharma or the Sanatan dharma maybe since 10000 BC. The word Hindu got introduced much later by external invaders(Sindhu(Indus) river). Multiple others, no single founder.
Purush ------------------------→ Prakriti (consciousness) (primordial matter) ↓ ↓ Bhudhi 1st individuation ↓ ↓ Ahankar(ego) ↙ ↘ ↙ ↘ ↙ ↘ Sattvik ↙↔↔ Rajasic ↔↔↘ Tamasic ↙ ↘ ↙ ↘ Mind 5 subtle elements ↙ ↘ ↓ ↙ ↘ ↓ ↙ ↘ 5 gross elements ↙ ↘ (भूत) 5 cognitive 5 active 1.Earth senses. senses 2.Water 1.Hear 1.Speak 3.Fire 2.Touch 2.Hold 4.Air 3.Smell 3.Move 5.Space 4.See 4.Procreate 5.Taste 5.Eliminate
शान्ताकारं भुजगशयनं पद्मनाभं सुरेशं विश्वाधारं गगनसदृशं मेघवर्ण शुभाङ्गम् । लक्ष्मीकान्तं कमलनयनं योगिभिर्ध्यानगम्यम् वन्दे विष्णुं भवभयहरं सर्वलोकैकनाथम् ॥ Shaanta-Aakaaram Bhujaga-Shayanam Padma-Naabham Sura-Iisham Vishva-Aadhaaram Gagana-Sadrsham Megha-Varnna Shubha-Anggam| Lakssmii-Kaantam Kamala-Nayanam Yogibhir-Dhyaana-Gamyam Vande Vissnnum Bhava-Bhaya-Haram Sarva-Loka-Eka-Naatham || I adore Lord Vishnu ,Who has a serene appearance, Who rests on a Adisesha, Who has a Lotus on His Navel and Who is the Lord of the devatas, Who sustains the universe, Who is Boundless and Infinite like the sky, Whose complexion is like the cloud and who has a beautiful and auspicious body, Who is the husband of Devi Lakshmi, whose eyes are like lotus who is meditated upon by the yogi, Salutations to that Vishnu Who Removes the fear of Worldly Existence and Who is the Lord of All the Lokas